Accelerating the Green Development of Aquaculture in China
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Ecological Environment Natural Resources National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Commerce National Market Committee Bank of China Insurance Regulatory Opinions on accelerating the development of aquaculture in the green
Agriculture, Fisheries Fa (2019) No. 1
People's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government, ministries and commissions of the State Council, and agencies directly under the State Council:
In recent years, China's aquaculture development has achieved remarkable results. Prosperous life has made outstanding contributions, but there are also problems with irrational aquaculture layout and industrial structure and excessively high aquaculture density in some areas. In order to accelerate the green development of the aquaculture industry and promote the transformation and upgrading of the industry, the following opinions are proposed with the consent of the State Council.
1. General requirements
(1) Guiding ideology. Fully implement the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress and the 2nd and 3rd Plenary Sessions of the 19th CPC Central Committee, guided by Xi Jinping's thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, conscientiously implement the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and promote the overall layout of the "Five in One" and Coordinate and advance the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, practice new development concepts, adhere to high-quality development, take the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy as the guide, and meet the people's demand for high-quality aquatic products and beautiful water ecological environment as the goal, and promote the supply side Structural reform is the main line, with the focus on reducing income and increasing quality and improving efficiency, to accelerate the construction of aquaculture's green development spatial pattern, industrial structure and production methods, and promote China's transformation from a large aquaculture industry to a strong aquaculture industry.
(2) Basic principles.
Adhere to quality fishing. Focusing on high-quality development, the concept of green development runs through the entire process of aquaculture production, the implementation of ecological and healthy aquaculture systems, and the use of aquaculture's ecological service functions in the management of mountains, waters, forests, lakes and grass systems, and vigorously developing high-quality, distinctive, green, Ecological aquatic products.
Adhere to market orientation. Deal with the relationship between the government and the market, give full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, enhance the role of market players in breeding producers, optimize resource allocation, increase total factor productivity, increase development vitality, and enhance the overall benefits of green breeding.
Insist on innovation-driven. Strengthen the innovation of the aquaculture industry's green development system and mechanism, improve the production and operation system, give play to the vitality and creativity of new business entities, and promote scientific research, transformation of results, demonstration and promotion, coordinated development of talent training, and integrated development of primary, secondary, and tertiary industries.
Insist on fishing according to law. We will improve the laws and regulations for green development of the aquaculture industry, strengthen the popularization of the law, enhance the awareness of the rule of law, adhere to the administration in accordance with the law, strengthen the supervision of law enforcement, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of fishermen and a fair and orderly market environment.
(3) The main objectives.
By 2022, significant progress will be made in the green development of the aquaculture industry, the production space layout has been optimized, the transformation and upgrading goals have been basically achieved, the people's demand for high-quality aquatic products has basically been met, the beautiful ecological environment of aquaculture waters has basically formed, and the main aquaculture production areas have been realized. Tail water discharged up to standard; more than 550 national aquatic germplasm resources protected areas, more than 7,000 national aquatic healthy breeding demonstration farms, more than 50 healthy breeding demonstration counties, more than 65% of healthy breeding demonstration area, The pass rate of product spot checks remained above 98%. By 2035, the aquaculture layout will become more scientific and rational, the aquaculture production system and supervision system will be complete, the aquaculture tailwaters will be fully discharged, and the modernization of aquaculture production with high-quality products, beautiful producing areas, first-class equipment and advanced technology will be basically realized.
2. Strengthen the scientific layout
(4) Accelerate the implementation of the tidal flat planning system for aquaculture waters. Coordinate production development and environmental protection, stabilize the area of healthy aquaculture, and ensure space for aquaculture production. Strengthen unified planning of tidal flats for aquaculture waters in accordance with the law, and scientifically delineate prohibited breeding areas, restricted breeding areas and permitted breeding areas. Improve the tidal flat protection system for important aquaculture waters, strictly limit the occupation of tidal flats in aquaculture waters, and it is strictly forbidden to change the use of tidal flats in aquaculture waters without authorization.
(5) Optimize the layout of aquaculture production.
Carry out aquaculture capacity assessment, scientifically evaluate the tidal flat carrying capacity of waters, and reasonably determine the aquaculture capacity. Scientifically determine the scale and density of cage culture in lakes, reservoirs, rivers, and offshore public natural waters, and reduce the total amount of culture in areas where the scale of culture exceeds the tidal flat carrying capacity. Scientifically reduce feeding and breeding in public natural waters, and encourage the development of ecological breeding without feeding.
(6) Actively expand breeding space.
Vigorously promote the comprehensive cultivation and cultivation of rice and fishery, improve the comprehensive benefits of rice fields, and achieve stable grain, fishery, quality and efficiency. Support the development of deep-sea ocean green farming and encourage the construction of large-scale intelligent fisheries in deep-sea oceans. Strengthen the development and utilization of saline-alkali waters and actively develop saline-alkali aquaculture.
Third, change the breeding method
(7) Vigorously develop ecological and healthy farming.
Carry out demonstration and creation of healthy aquaculture and develop ecological and healthy breeding models. Promote vaccine immunization and ecological prevention and control measures, and accelerate the reduction of veterinary drugs for aquaculture. Implementation of compound feeds to replace chilled juvenile fish, and strictly restrict direct feeding of chilled fish. Promote the combination of water use and water conservation, and implement periodic recuperation in areas where culture is not appropriate. Carry out rotation of breeding plots or breeding species to reduce the use of tidal flats in traditional breeding areas.
(8) Improve the level of breeding facilities and equipment.
Vigorously implement the standardization of ponds, improve circulating water and inflow and drainage treatment facilities, support the upgrading of tailwater treatment facilities such as ecological ditches, ecological ponds, and submerged wetlands, and explore the establishment of long-term mechanisms for the maintenance and reconstruction of breeding ponds. Encourage the development and promotion of key equipment such as water treatment equipment, large and deep-sea aquaculture equipment, container aquaculture equipment, and aquaculture product harvesting equipment. Promote smart aquaculture, guide the deep integration of modern information technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data, artificial intelligence and aquaculture production, and carry out digital fishery demonstrations.
(9) Improve the breeding production and operation system.
Cultivate and expand new breeds of large-scale farmers, family fisheries, professional cooperatives, and leading aquaculture enterprises, and guide the development of various forms of moderate-scale operations. Optimize the allocation of tidal flat resources in waters, strengthen the protection of tidal flat management rights in waters, and reasonably guide the transfer of tidal flat management rights in waters to new-type operating entities. Improve the benefit linkage mechanism of the industrial chain, and develop a fishery industrialization management consortium. Establish and improve the aquaculture social service system, and realize the organic connection between farmers and modern aquaculture development.
Fourth, to improve the breeding environment
(10) Scientific layout of cages and nets.
Promote the scientific and rational layout of breeding cages and net enclosures, accelerate the upgrading and upgrading of environmental protection facilities and equipment such as the collection of feces, sewage and baits in cages, and prohibit the development of nets in the first-level protected areas of drinking water sources, core areas and buffer zones of nature reserves. Box net enclosure culture. With the focus on areas such as control units where the water quality exceeded standards caused mainly by agricultural non-point source pollution, the illegal cage culture and seine culture facilities will be demolished in accordance with the law.
(11) Promote aquaculture tailwater treatment.
Promote the release of aquaculture tailwater pollutant discharge standards and carry out environmental impact assessment of aquaculture projects in accordance with the law. Accelerate the promotion of water saving and emission reduction in aquaculture, encourage the adoption of technical measures such as inflow and drainage transformation, biological purification, artificial wetlands, and planting of aquatic vegetables and flowers to carry out concentrated continuous pond culture areas and industrialized aquaculture tailwater treatment, and promote the utilization of aquaculture tailwater resources or Discharge. Strengthen the monitoring of aquaculture tailwaters, standardize the establishment of aquaculture tailwater discharge outlets, implement the supervision responsibility of the territories of aquaculture tailwater discharge and the responsibility of producers for environmental protection.
(12) Strengthen the management of aquaculture waste.
Promote centralized collection and resource utilization of by-products and wastes from aquaculture production such as shells, nets, and floats. Regulate foam buoys for offshore raft and cage culture, promote environmentally friendly floats with new materials, and focus on controlling white pollution. Strengthen the comprehensive management of wastes after the removal of cages and nets, and restore the natural ecological environment of waters as soon as possible.
(13) Bring into play the ecological restoration function of aquaculture.
Encourage the development of non-feeding filter-feeding, herbivorous fish and other breeding in lakes and reservoirs to achieve grass control, fish control algae, and fish purification. Orderly development of tidal flat and shallow sea shell algae breeding, construction of a three-dimensional ecological breeding system, and increasing fishery carbon sinks. Strengthen the improvement of urban water systems and rural ponds and ditches, stock landscape species, reconstruct aquatic ecosystems, and beautify the water environment.
5. Strengthen production supervision
(14) Standardize the development of the seed industry.
Improve the evaluation and evaluation indicators and procedures for new breeds, and encourage the selection and promotion of new, high-quality, efficient, multi-resistance, and safe aquaculture breeds. Strict approval of new varieties, strengthening the protection of intellectual property rights of new varieties, and motivating various subjects of variety innovation. Establish a commercial breeding system, vigorously promote the "integration of breeding and breeding," and support joint research on major breeding innovations. Support standardization of multiplication production, strengthen the measurement of species performance, and improve the level of aquaculture breeding. Improve the management of aquatic seed production licenses, seriously investigate and deal with unlicensed production, and effectively maintain a fair market order. Improve the seed industry service guarantee system, strengthen the construction of aquatic germplasm resource banks and protected areas, and protect China's unique and local germplasm resources. Strengthen the import risk assessment and quarantine of aquatic seed, and strengthen the management of aquatic alien species breeding.
(15) Strengthening disease prevention and control.
Implementation of the national plant and animal protection capacity improvement project, improvement of the aquatic animal epidemic prevention and control system, strengthening of monitoring and early warning and risk assessment, strengthening of aquatic animal epidemic purification and emergency treatment, and improving the ability to prevent and control major epidemics. Improve the fisheries official veterinary team, comprehensively implement the quarantine and supervision and enforcement of aquatic seed production sites, and promote the construction of aquatic seed farms with no specified diseases. Strengthen the record and guidance of fishery village veterinarians, and expand the team of fishery practicing veterinarians. Scientifically standardize the approval process for aquaculture vaccines, and support the promotion of aquaculture vaccines. Implement harmless treatment of sick and dead aquatic animals.
(16) Strengthen input product management.
Strictly implement the feed production permit system and veterinary drug production and operation permit system, strengthen the quality supervision of aquaculture feed and veterinary drugs, and crack down on the production and sale of fake and inferior aquaculture feed and veterinary drugs. Products such as water environment improvers are brought under management according to law. Establish and improve the use of aquaculture input records in accordance with the law, strengthen the guidance for aquaculture drugs, strictly implement the regulations for the safe use of veterinary drugs, the management system for veterinary prescription drugs, and the management system for feed use, strengthen the law enforcement inspection of the use of aquaculture inputs, and crack down on illegal activities Drug use and illegal use of other inputs.
(17) Strengthen quality and safety supervision.
Strengthen the supervision responsibility of agricultural product quality and safety, and implement the main responsibility for the quality and safety of production operators. Strict inspection organization qualification management, follow-up evaluation and ability verification, increase the quality and safety risk monitoring, evaluation and spot checks of aquaculture products in production areas, and in-depth investigation of hidden risks. Accelerate the promotion of aquaculture production and operation operators to establish and improve aquaculture aquatic product traceability systems, and encourage the use of information technology to collect and retain production and operation information. Promote the construction of the industry's integrity system, support breeding enterprises and fishermen's cooperatives to carry out quality and safety commitment activities and the construction of integrity culture, and establish integrity files. Establish aquatic product quality and safety information platform and implement effective supervision. Accelerate the formulation and revision of aquaculture product quality and safety standards, and promote standardized production and high-quality aquatic product certification.
Broaden the space for development
(18) Promote the integrated development of one, two and three industries.
Improve the interest linkage mechanism, and promote the integration and coordinated development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries such as breeding, processing, distribution and leisure services. Actively develop the processing and circulation of cultured products, support the construction of a modern cold chain logistics system for aquatic products, improve the utilization efficiency of the whole cold chain logistics system from ponds to tables, and guide the consumption of live fish to transform into convenient processed product consumption. Promote the ecological and recreational transformation of traditional aquaculture farms and develop recreational tourism fisheries. In conditions such as revolutionary old areas, ethnic areas, and border areas where conditions are poor, combined with the characteristics of the region's resources, the development of various forms of characteristic aquaculture will be guided to increase the income of poor people who set up files. Implement aquaculture brand strategy, cultivate national and regional high-quality characteristic brands, encourage the development of new marketing formats, and lead the development of aquaculture.
(19) Strengthen international exchanges and cooperation.
Encourage scientific research institutes and universities to carry out demonstration and promotion of foreign aquaculture technology. Make overall use of two international and domestic markets and two resources, and combine the implementation of major strategies such as the “Belt and Road” initiative to cultivate large-scale aquaculture enterprises. Encourage and support fishery enterprises to carry out international certification and recognition, expand the influence of China's aquatic products, and promote the stable and coordinated development of international trade in aquatic products.
7. Strengthen policy support
(20) Increase funding through multiple channels.
Establish a diversified input mechanism guided by the government, self-funded by the main production body, and involving social funds. Encourage local conditions to support green development projects in aquaculture. Include ecological farming-related models in the green industry guidance catalog. Explore effective ways for the green development of the financial services breeding industry and innovate green ecological financial products. Various insurance institutions are encouraged to develop aquaculture insurance, and where appropriate, aquaculture insurance is included in the scope of policy insurance. Support eligible aquaculture equipment to be included in the scope of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies.
(21) Strengthen scientific and technological support.
Strengthen the modern fishery industry technology system and the construction of the national fishery industry science and technology innovation alliance, rely on the national key research and development plan and key projects, increase support for deep and deep sea aquaculture science and technology research and development, and accelerate the implementation of "special seed industry independent innovation major projects." Strengthen the research and development of green and safe ecological aquaculture drugs. Support the development and promotion of green and artificial artificial full-price feed, and encourage the development of fish meal substitutes. Actively carry out the integration and demonstration of green farming technology models, and create a model for comprehensive regional management. Bring into play the role of grass-roots aquatic technology promotion system and train new professional fishermen.
(22) Improve supporting policies.
Incorporate tidal flats for aquaculture waters into national land and space planning, and connect related plans in accordance with the requirements of "multiple regulations and one". We will support the use of land for environmental protection facilities such as factory-circulated water, aquaculture tailwater, and waste treatment, guarantee deep-sea net cage farming seas, and implement preferential policies on water and electricity for the green development of aquaculture. Aquaculture use is exempted from levying gold in accordance with the law.
Implementation of safeguard measures
(23) Strict implementation of responsibilities.
To improve the work promotion mechanism that the province is responsible for and the city and county are implementing, local people's governments must strictly implement fishing-related laws and regulations, and take effective measures in planning, project arrangements, use of funds, and supervision and management to ensure various tasks for green development. Put it in place.
(24) Protect the rights and interests of farmers according to law.
Stabilize the tidal flat contracting management relationship of collectively owned breeding waters, and determine the contracting period according to law. Improve the aquaculture license system and issue aquaculture certificates in accordance with the law. In accordance with the requirements for unified registration of real estate, strengthen the registration and issuance of tidal flat aquaculture. Protect the right to use aquatic beaches for aquaculture in accordance with the law. For aquaculture that needs to be withdrawn due to public interest, compensation shall be provided in accordance with the law and the production and living of fishermen shall be properly resettled.
(25) Strengthen law enforcement supervision.
Establish and improve management systems and standards related to ecological health breeding, and improve the link between administrative law enforcement and criminal justice. Strengthen aquaculture law enforcement in accordance with strict and standardized requirements for fair and civilized law enforcement. Implement the "double random, one open" requirement, and strengthen law enforcement inspections after the event. Strengthen law popularization and publicity, and enhance the awareness and ability of the main body of aquaculture production and operation to respect and abide by the law.
(26) Strengthen supervision and guidance.
The green development of aquaculture is included in the evaluation of the objectives of ecological civilization construction and rural revitalization strategy. Units and individuals who have made significant progress in green development shall be commended in accordance with relevant regulations; those who violate laws or regulations or fail to implement their work shall be investigated for relevant responsibilities.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Ministry of Ecology and Environment Ministry of Natural Resources
National Development and Reform Commission Ministry of Finance Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of
Industry and Information Technology Ministry of Commerce
State Market Supervision Administration China Banking Insurance Regulatory Commission